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Guía para validación password-less entre sistemas Linux.
Quick steps ssh-id-copy between local and remote servers:
1.- Create a common user in remote and local servers with same password and name.
2.- Exec #ssh-keygen to generate key-pair in local server (Press intro when ask to introduce password).
3.- Execute #ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub username@remote_ip
4.- Remote user password is asked to make login in remote server and copy the public key.
5.- Add username user to sudoers.
Passwordless Linux server login
Check for existing SSH key pair. Before generating a new SSH key pair first check if you already have an SSH key on your client machine because you don’t want to overwrite your existing keys.
Run the following to see if existing SSH keys are present:
ls -al ~/.ssh/id_*.pub
If there are existing keys, you can either use those and skip the next step or backup up the old keys and generate a new one.
If you see No such file or directory or No matches found it means that you do not have an SSH key and you can proceed with the next step and generate a new one.
Generate a new SSH key pair.
The following command will generate a new 4096 bits SSH key pair with your email address as a comment:
ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "firstname.lastname@example.org"
Press Enter to accept the default file location and file name:
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/yourusername/.ssh/id_rsa):
Next, the ssh-keygen tool will ask you to type a secure passphrase. Whether you want to use passphrase it’s up to you, if you choose to use passphrase you will get an extra layer of security. In most cases, developers and system administrators use SSH without a passphrase because they are useful for fully automated processes.
If you don’t want to use a passphrase just press Enter.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): The whole interaction looks like this:
To be sure that the SSH keys are generated you can list your new private and public keys with:
ls ~/.ssh/id_* cat /home/yourusername/.ssh/id_rsa cat /home/yourusername/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
Copy the public key
Now that you have generated an SSH key pair, in order to be able to login to your server without a password you need to copy the public key to the server you want to manage.
The easiest way to copy your public key to your server is to use a command called
On your local machine terminal type:
You will be prompted to enter the remote_username password:
Once the user is authenticated, the public key will be appended to the remote user authorized_keys file and connection will be closed.
If by some reason the ssh-copy-id utility is not available on your local computer you can use the following command to copy the public key:
cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh remote_username@server_ip_address mkdir -p ~/.ssh chmod 700 ~/.ssh cat ~/.ssh/authorized_keys chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
Login to your server using SSH keys
After completing the steps above you should be able log in to the remote server without being prompted for a password.
To test it just try to login to your server via SSH:
If everything went well, you will be logged in immediately.